Atabaque is a traditional drum from Afro-Brazil. It is one of the instruments that are used in the Capoeira martial art and game. The role of Atabaque in Capoeira is to keep the beat steady so the other instruments can play the song right. Atabaque also used in other events for example in Samba de Roda, Maculelê and Candomblé (religion in Brazil). There is three types of Atabaque ; Rum, Rum-pi and Lê, it has different pitch and height.
Atabaque is divided into 6 parts with different function head, shell, rope, wedges, stand and ring. Head is the top part of Atabaque, it’s the place where we hit so it makes sound. Shell is like the body of Atabaque, it’s the body where we can touch from the outside. Rope is the rope around the Atabaque, it makes the sounds more higher. A wedge is a triangular wood that is attached between the ring and the shell to control the high pitch made by the rope. Ring is a metal ring attached between the rope and wedges. Stand is a stand for the drum to rest.